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Karen Kidd
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Professor, Jarislowsky Chair
LSB 337
(905) 525-9140 ext. 23550

My research program focuses on understanding the impacts of human activities on aquatic ecosystems. More specifically, my students and I study the effects of point (municipal, industrial) and non-point (agriculture, forest harvesting) discharges on the health of aquatic organisms, and the fate of persistent pollutants in freshwater and marine ecosystems. Much of our research is multidisciplinary in nature and an interface between biogeochemistry, chemistry, ecology and toxicology. For example, we use measurements of stable nitrogen, sulfur, hydrogen and carbon isotope ratios in organisms to characterize trophic relationships in diverse aquatic systems and to understand pollutant accumulation from primary producers through to top predators. I have led or been involved in three major whole ecosystem experiments to understand how 1) the estrogen used in the birth control pill affects fish and their prey, 2) wastes from rainbow trout aquaculture affect native organisms, and 3) a commonly-used herbicide and fertilizers affect the health of wetland communities.

Ecology & Evolution

Peer-reviewed journal articles (students in my lab are underlined)


Thera, J.C., K.A. Kidd, R.F. Bertolo, and N.J. O'Driscoll. 2019. Cysteine content explains methylmercury concentrations in aquatic invertebrates. Sci. Total Environ. 688:567–573.

McCallum, E.S., K. Nikel, H. Mehdi, S.N.N. Du, J.E. Bowman, J.D. Midwood, K.A. Kidd, G.R. Scott, and S. Balshine. 2019. Municipal wastewater effluent impacts fish communities: a multi-year study involving two wastewater treatment plants. Environ. Poll. 252(Part B): 1730-1741.

Kurek, J., P.W. MacKeigan, S. Veinot, A. Mercer, and K.A. Kidd. Ecological legacy of DDT archived in lake sediments from eastern Canada. Environ. Sci. Technol. 53(13):7316-7325, 10.1021/acs.est.9b01396

Reid, A., A. Carlson, I. Creed, E. Eliason, P. Gell, P. Johnson, K.A. Kidd, T. MacCormack, J. Olden, S. Ormerod, J. Smol, W. Taylor, K. Tockner, J. Vermaire, D. Dudgeon, and S. Cooke. 2019. Emerging threats and persistent conservation challenges for freshwater biodiversity. Biological Reviews. 94:849 – 873. 10.1111/brv.12480

Erdozain, M., K.A. Kidd, D. Kreutzweiser, and P. Sibley. 2019. Increased reliance of stream macroinvertebrates on terrestrial food sources linked to forest management intensity. Ecological Applications. 29(4): e01889.

Erdozain, M., D.G. Thompson, T.M. Porter, K.A. Kidd, D.P. Kreutzweiser, P.K. Sibley, T. Swystun, D. Chartrand, and M. Hajibabaei. 2019. Metabarcoding of storage ethanol vs. conventional morphometric identification in relation to the use of stream macroinvertebrates as ecological indicators in forest management. Ecological Indicators. 101:173-184

Lescord, G.L., M.G. Clayden, K.A. Kidd, X. Wang, N.J. O’Driscoll, J. Kirk and D.C.G. Muir. Use of sulfur isotopes to understand mercury bioaccumulation in simple food webs of high Arctic lakes. Arctic Science. 5(2):90-106, 10.1139/as-2018-0022

Kopec, D., K.A. Kidd, N.S. Fisher, M. Bowen, C. Francis, and K. Payne R.A. Bodaly. Spatial and temporal trends of mercury in the aquatic food web of the lower Penobscot River, Maine, USA, affected by a chlor-alkali plant. Sci. Total Environ. 649:770–791.

Kidd, K.A., L.P. Burkhard, M. Babut, K. Borgå, D.C.G. Muir, O. Perceval, H. Ruedel, K. Woodburn and M.R. Embry. 2019. Practical advice for selecting or determining Trophic Magnification Factors for application under the European Union Water Framework Directive. Int. Env. Assess. Manag. 15(2):266–277, 10.1002/ieam.4102, Open Access

Kennedy, P.J., P.J. Blanchfield, K.A. Kidd, M.J. Paterson, C.L. Podemski and M.D. Rennie. 2019. Changes in the diet, early growth, and condition of Lake Trout (Salvelinus namaycush) in response to an experimental aquaculture operation. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 76(8):1376-1387,


Musetta-Lambert, J., E. Enanga, S. Teichert, I. Creed, K.A. Kidd, D. Kreutzweiser, and P. Sibley. Industrial innovation and infrastructure as a driver of change in Canada’s Boreal Zone. Environmental Reviews, Published online 23 Oct 2018,

Espejo, W., J. Padilha, K.A. Kidd, P. Dorneles, R. Barra, O. Malm, G. Chiang, and J.E. Celis. 2018. Trophic transfer of cadmium in marine food webs from western Chilean Patagonia and Antarctica. Mar. Poll. Bull. 137:246-251.

Roldán-Wong, N.T., K.A. Kidd, B.P. Ceballos-Vázqueza, and M. Arellano-Martínez. 2018. Is there a risk to humans from consuming octopus species from sites with high environmental levels of metals? Bull. Env. Contam. Toxicol. 101(6):796-802,

Thera, J., K.A. Kidd, M. Nosworthy, and R. Bertolo. 2018. Evaluation of a performic acid oxidation method for quantifying amino acids in freshwater species. Limnology and Oceanography: Methods. 16:803–813, 10.1002/lom3.10284

Erdozain, M., K.A. Kidd, D. Kreutzweiser, and P. Sibley. 2018. Linking stream ecosystem integrity to catchment and reach conditions in an intensively managed forest landscape. Ecosphere. 9(5):e02278 10.1002/ecs2.2278. Open access.

Loughery, J., K.A. Kidd, A. Mercer, C.J. Martyniuk. 2018. Part A: Temporal and dose-dependent transcriptional responses in the liver of fathead minnows following short term exposure to the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon phenanthrene. Aquat. Toxicol. 199:90-102.

Loughery, J., K.A. Kidd, A. Mercer, C.J. Martyniuk. 2018. Part B: Morphometric and transcriptomic responses to sub-chronic exposure to the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon phenanthrene in the fathead minnow (Pimephales promelas). Aquat. Toxicol. 199:77–89.

Espejo, W., D. Kitamura, K.A. Kidd, J.E. Celis, S. Kashiwada, C. Galbán-Malagón, R. Barra, and G. Chiang. 2018. Biomagnification of tantalum through diverse aquatic food webs. Environ. Sci. & Technol. Lett., 5(4):196-201. 10.1021/acs.estlett.8b00051.

Creed, I.F., A.K. Bergström, C.G. Trick, N.B. Grimm, D.O. Hessen, J. Karlsson, K.A. Kidd, E. Kritzberg, D.M. McKnight, E.C. Freeman, O.E. Senar, A. Andersson, J. Ask, M. Berggren, M. Cherif, R. Giesler, E.R. Hotchkiss, P. Kortelainen, M.M. Palta, T. Vrede, and G.A. Weyhenmeyer. 2018. Global change-driven effects on dissolved organic matter composition: Implications for food webs of northern lakes. Global Change Biology. 24:3692–3714.

Reinhart, B.R., K.A. Kidd, R.A. Curry, N.J. O’Driscoll, and S.A. Pavey. 2018. Mercury bioaccumulation in aquatic biota along a salinity gradient in the Saint John River estuary. J. Env. Sci. 68:41-54,

Eagles-Smith, C.A., E.K. Silbergeld, N. Basu, P. Bustamante, F. Diaz-Barriga, W.A. Hopkins, K.A. Kidd, J.F. Nyland. 2018. Modulators of mercury risk to wildlife and humans in the context of rapid global change. Ambio 47(2):170-197. doi: 10.1007/s13280-017-1011-x

Diamond, J., R. Altenburger, A. Coors, S.D. Dyer, M. Focazio, K.A. Kidd, A.A. Koelmans, K.M.Y. Leung, M.R. Servos, J. Snape, J. Tolls, and X. Zhang. 2018. Use of prospective and retrospective risk assessment methods that simplify chemical mixtures associated with treated domestic wastewater discharges. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 37(3):690-702. doi: 10.1002/etc.4013

McBriarty, G.J., K.A. Kidd, and L.E. Burridge. 2018. Short-term effects of the anti-sea lice therapeutant emamectin benzoate on clam worms (Nereis virens). Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 74(4):539–545. doi 10.1007/s00244-017-0461-2

Roldán Wong, N.T., K.A. Kidd, A.J. Marmolejo-Rodríguez, B.P. Ceballos-Vázquez, E. Shumilin, and M. Arellano-Martínez. 2018. Bioaccumulation and biomagnification of potentially toxic elements in the octopus Octopus hubbsorum from the Gulf of California. Mar. Poll. Bull. 129(2):458-468.


Thera, J., K.A. Kidd, M.E. Dodge-Lynch, and R.F. Bertolo. 2017. Quantification of sulphur amino acids by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography in aquatic invertebrates. Analytical Biochemistry: Methods in the Biological Sciences. 539: 158-161

Yee-Duarte, J.A., B.P. Ceballos-Vázquez, E. Shumilin, K.A. Kidd, and M. Arellano-Martínez. 2017. Evidence of health impairment in chocolate clam (Megapitaria squalida; Bivalvia: Veneridae) near the “hot spot” of the Santa Rosalía mining port, Gulf of California, Mexico. Hidrobiológica 27 (3): 391-398

Yee-Duarte, J.A., B.P. Ceballos-Vázquez, E. Shumilin, K.A. Kidd, and M. Arellano-Martínez. 2017. Parasitic castration of chocolate clam Megapitaria squalida (Sowerby, 1835) caused by trematode larvae. J. Shellfish Research. 36(3):593-599.

Crawford*, S.E., C. Brüll, B. Aumeier, M. Brinkmann, V. Esser, C. Ganal, R. Häussling, F. Lehmkul, P. Letmathe, A.-K. Müller I. Rabinovitvh, K. Reicherter, J. Shwarzbauer, G. Stauch, M. Wessling, S. Yüce, M. Hecker, K.A. Kidd, R. Altenburger, W. Brack, H. Schüttrumpf, and H. Hollert. 2017. Project House Water: A novel interdisciplinary framework to assess the environmental and socio-economic
consequences of flood-related impacts. Environmental Sciences Europe. 29:23 (10 pp) DOI 10.1186/s12302-017- 0121-1

Cowie, A.M., K.I. Sarty, A. Mercer, J. Koh, K. A. Kidd, and C.J. Martyniuk. 2017. Transcriptomic and proteomic analysis implicates mitochondria and the immune system as molecular targets of dieldrin in the zebrafish (Danio rerio) central nervous system. J. Proteomics. 157:71-82.

Wellman, S.K.A. Kidd, C.L. Podemski, P.J. Blanchfield, and M.J. Paterson. 2017. Incorporation of wastes by native biota during and after an experimental aquaculture operation. Fresh. Sci. 36(2): 387-401.

Lescord, G.L., M.G. ClaydenK.A. Kidd, X. Wang, D.C.G. Muir, and N.J. O’Driscoll. 2017. Using sulfur stable isotopes to assess mercury bioaccumulation and biomagnification in biota in temperate lake food webs. Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 36(3):661-670.

Graves, S.D.K.A. KiddK.L. Batchelar, A. Cowie, N.J. O’Driscoll, and C.J. Martyniuk. 2017. Transcript responses for oxidative stress in the brain of wild yellow perch (Perca flavescens) exposed to a gradient of methylmercury in Kejimkujik National Park, Canada. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology: part C. 192:50-58.

Graves, S.D., K.A. Kidd, J.E. Houlahan, K.R.  Munkittrick. 2017. General and histological indicators of health in wild fishes from a biological mercury hotspot in northeastern North America. Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 36(4):976-987.


Aguilar-Betancourt, C.M., G. González-Sansón, K.A. Kidd, K.R. Munkittrick, R.A. Curry, D. Kosonoy-Aceves, G. Lucano-Ramírez, S. Ruiz-Ramírez and J. R. Flores-Ortega. 2016. Fishes as indicators of untreated sewage contamination in a Mexican coastal lagoon. Mar. Poll. Bull. 113(1):100-109.

Zoeller, R.T., A. Bergman, G. Becher, P. Bjerregaard, R. Bowman, I. Brandt, T. Iguchi, S. Jobling, K.A., Kidd, A. Kortenkamp, N. Skakkebaek, J. Toppari, and L. Vandenberg. The path forward on endocrine disruptors requires focus on the basics. Toxicol. Sci. 149(2):272-272.

Vandenberg, L.N., M. Ågerstrand, A. Beronius, C. Beausoleil, Å. Bergman, L.A. Bero, C.-G. Bornehag, C.S. Boyer, G.S. Cooper, I. Cotgreave, D. Geek, P. Grandjean, K.Z. Guyton, U. Hass, J.J. Heindel, S. Jobling, K.A. Kidd, A. Kortenkamp, M.R. Macleod, O.V. Martin, U. Norinder, M. Scheringer, K.A. Thayer, J. Toppari, P. Whaley, T.J. Woodruff, C. Rudén. 2016. A proposed framework for the systematic review and integrated assessment (SYRINA) of endocrine disrupting chemicals. Environmental Health. 15: 74-93.

Finley, M.L.K.A. Kidd, R.A. Curry, G.L. Lescord, M.G. Clayden, and N.J. O’Driscoll. 2016. A comparison of mercury biomagnification through lacustrine food webs supporting brook trout and other fishes. Frontiers in Environmental Science, 4(23): 1-13.

Walters, D.M., T.D. Jardine, B.S. Cade, K.A. Kidd, D.C.G. Muir, and P. Leipzig-Scott. 2016. Trophic magnification of organic chemicals – a global synthesis. Environ. Sci. Technol. 50 (9): 4650–4658.

Baker, L.F., Mudge, J.F., Thompson, D.G., Houlahan, J.E., and K.A. Kidd. 2016. The combined influence of two agricultural contaminants of natural communities of phytoplankton and zooplankton. Ecotoxicology 25(5): 1021-1032.

Pippy, B.A., K.A. Kidd, K.R. Munkittrick, A. Mercer, and H. Hunt. 2016. Use of Nucula proxima and Nephtys incisa in a sentinel species approach for monitoring the health of Bay of Fundy estuaries. Mar. Poll. Bull. 106(1-2):225-235.


Bergman, A., G. Becher, B. Blumberg, P. Bjerregaard, R. Bornman, I. Brandt, S.C. Casey, H. Frouin, L.C. Giudice, J.J. Heindel, T. Iguchi, S. Jobling, K.A. Kidd, A. Kortenkamp, P.M. Lind, D. Muir, R. Ochieng, E. Ropstad, P. S. Ross, N.E. Skakkebaek, J. Toppari, L.N. Vandenberg, T.J. Woodruff, R.T. Zoeller. 2015. Manufacturing doubt about endocrine disrupter science – A rebuttal of industry-sponsored critical comments on the UNEP/WHO report “State of the Science of Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals 2012” Regul. Toxicol. Pharmacol. 73: 1007-1017.

Blanchfield, P.J., K.A. Kidd, M. Docker, V.P. Palace, B.J. Park, and L.D. Postma.  2015. Recovery of a wild fish population from whole-lake additions of the potent estrogen in the birth control pill.  Environ. Sci. Technol. 49(5): 3136-3144.

Müller, A.-K., M. Brinkmann, L. Baumann, M.H. Stoffel, H. Segner, K.A. Kidd and H. Holler. 2015. Ultrastructural alterations in tissues of yellow perch (Perca flavescens) from a biological mercury hotspot. Env. Sci. Poll. Res.  1-13.

Lescord, G.L.K.A. Kidd, A.O. De Silva, C. Spencer, M. Williamson, X. Wang, and D. C.G. Muir. 2015. Perfluorinated and polyfluorinated compounds in lake food webs in the Canadian high Arctic. Environ. Sci. Technol. 49(5):2694–2702.

Kidd, K.A. 2015. In Response: Environmental and biological considerations for active pharmaceutical ingredients in the environment and their effects across multiple biological scales: An academic perspective. Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 34(3):461-463. Invited Perspectives Paper.

Lescord, G.L.K.A. Kidd, J.L. Kirk, N.J. O’Driscoll, X. Wang, and D.C.G. Muir. 2015. Factors affecting biotic mercury concentrations and biomagnification through six lake food webs in the Canadian high Arctic. Sci. Total Environ. 509–510:195–205.

Clayden, M., L. Arsenault, K.A. Kidd, M. Mallory, and N. O’Driscoll. 2015. Mercury bioaccumulation and biomagnification in the food web of a small Arctic polynya ecosystem. Sci. Total Environ. 509-510:206-215.


Zoeller, R.T., Å. Bergman, G. Becher, P. Bjerregaard, R. Bornman, I. Brandt, T. Iguchi, S. Jobling, K.A. Kidd, A. Kortenkamp, N.E. Skakkebaek, J. Toppari, and L.N. Vandenberg. 2014. The debate over health impacts of endocrine disrupting chemicals: a path forward.  Environ. Health. 13:118

Van Geest, J.L., L.E. Burridge, F.J. Fife, and K.A. Kidd. 2014. Feeding response in marine copepods as a measure of acute toxicity of four anti-sea lice pesticides. Mar. Env. Res. 101:145-152.

Van Geest, J.L., L.E. Burridge, and K.A. Kidd. 2014. Toxicity of two pyrethroid-based anti-sea lice pesticides, AlphaMax® and Excis®, to a marine amphipod in aqueous and sediment exposures.  Aquaculture 434: 233–240.

Clayden, M.G.K.A. KiddB. Wyn, J.L. Kirk, D.C.G. Muir, and N.J. O’Driscoll.  2014. Response to comment on “Mercury biomagnification through food webs is affected by physical and chemical characteristics of lakes.”  Environ. Sci. Technol. 48(17):10526-10527.

Kidd, K.A., M. J. Paterson, M. D. Rennie, C.L. Podemski, D.L. Findlay, P.J. Blanchfield, and K. Liber. 2014. Direct and indirect responses of a freshwater food web to a potent synthetic oestrogen.  Phil. Trans. Royal Soc. B. 1656: 20130578. Invited.

Baker, L., J. Mudge, J. Houlahan, D. Thompson, and K.A. Kidd. 2014. Direct and indirect effects of a glyphosate-based herbicide and nutrients on Chironomidae (Diptera) emerging from small wetlands.  Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 33(9):2076–2085.

Van Geest, J.L., L.E. Burridge, and K.A. Kidd. 2014. The toxicity of the anti-sea lice pesticide AlphaMax® to the polychaete worm Nereis virens. Aquaculture 430:98-106.

Clayden, M.G.K.A. Kidd, J. Chételat, B.D. Hall and E. Garcia. 2014. Environmental, geographic and trophic influences on methylmercury concentrations in macroinvertebrates from lakes and wetlands across Canada. Ecotoxicology 23:273–284.

Loughery, J.R., T.J. ArciszewskiK.A. Kidd, A. Mercer, L.M. Hewitt, D.L. MacLatchy, and K.R. Munkittrick. 2014. Understanding the chronic impacts of oil refinery wastewater requires consideration of sediment contributions to toxicity.  Arch. Env. Contam. Toxicol. 66(1):19-31.

Jardine, T.D., W.L. Hadwen, S.K. Hamilton, S. Hladyz, S.M. Mitrovic, K.A. Kidd, W.Y Tsoi, M. Spears, D.P. Westhorpe, V.M. Fry, F. Sheldon, and S.E. Bunn. 2014. Understanding and overcoming baseline isotopic variability in running waters.  River Res. Appl. 30(2)155-165.


Lavoie, R.A., T.D. Jardine, M.M. Chumchal, K.A. Kidd, and L.M. Campbell. 2013. Biomagnification of mercury in aquatic food webs: a worldwide meta-analysis.  Environ. Sci. Technol. 47 (23), pp 13385–13394.  Editors’ Choice, Science Magazine, 15 Nov 2013.

Clayden, M.G.K.A. KiddB. Wyn, J.L. Kirk, D.C.G. Muir, and N.J. O’Driscoll. 2013. Mercury biomagnification through food webs is affected by physical and chemical characteristics of lakes.  Environ. Sci. Technol. 47:12047−12053.

Bergman A., A. M. Andersson, G. Becher, M. van den Berg, B. Blumberg, P. Bjerregaard, C.G. Bornehag, R. Bornman, I. Brandt, J.V. Brian, S.C. Casey, P. Fowler, H. Frouin, L.C. Giudice, T. Iguchi, U. Hass, S. Jobling, A. Juul, K.A. Kidd, A. Kortenkamp, et al: 2013. Science and policy on endocrine disrupters must not be mixed: a reply to a “common sense” intervention by toxicology journal editors. Environ. Health 2013, 12(69)1-4.

Schein, A., S.C. Courtenay, K.A. Kidd, K.A. Campbell, and M.R. van den Heuvel. 2013. Food web structure within an estuary of the southern Gulf of St. Lawrence undergoing eutrophication. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 70(12):1805-1812.

Servos, M.R., K.R. Munkittrick, G. Constantin, R. Mngodo, N. Aladin, S. Choowaew, N. Hap, K.A. Kidd, E. Odada, O. Parra, G. Phillips, S. Ryanzhin, and R. Urrutia. 2013. Science and management of transboundary lakes: lessons learned from the Global Environment Facility program. Environ. Development 7:17-31.

Batchelar, K.L.K.A. Kidd, K.R. Munkittrick, P.E. Drevnick, and N.M. Burgess. 2013. Reproductive health of yellow perch (Perca flavescens) from a biological mercury hotspot in Nova Scotia, Canada. Sci. Total Env. 454–455:319–327.

Bergman, A., J.J. Heindel, T. Kasten, K.A. Kidd, S. Jobling, M. Neira, R.T. Zoeller, G. Becher, P. Bjerregaard, R. Bornman, I. Brandt, A. Kortenkamp, D. Muir, M.-N. Brune Drisse, R. Ochieng, N.E. Skakkebaek, A. Sundén Byléhn, T. Iguchi, J. Toppari, and T.J. Woodruff. 2013. The impact of endocrine disruption: A consensus statement on the state of the science. Env. Health Persp. 121(4):A104-A106.

Jardine, T.D.K.A. Kidd, and N. O’Driscoll. 2013. Food web analysis reveals effects of pH on mercury bioaccumulation at multiple trophic levels in streams.  Aquat. Toxicol. 132-133:46-52.

Batchelar, K.L.K.A. Kidd, P.E. Drevnick, K.R. Munkittrick, N.M. Burgess, A.P. Roberts, and J.D. Smith. 2013. Evidence of impaired health in yellow perch (Perca flavescens) from a biological mercury hotspot in northeastern North America.  Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 32(3):627–637.

Ryan, M.J., G.A. Stern, M.V. Croft, K.A. Kidd, S. Gewurtz, M. Diamond, and P. Roach. 2013. Biotic interactions in temporal trends (1992-2010) of organochlorine contaminants in the aquatic food web of Lake Laberge, Yukon Territory. Sci. Total Environ. 443:80–92.


Cabrera Páez, Y., C. Aguilar Betancourt, G. González-Sansón, K. Kidd, K. Munkittrick, and R. A. Curry. 2012. Elevated mercury, body size and changes in trophic structure of Gambusia puncticulata (Poeciliidae) along the Almendares River, Havana, Cuba. Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 63(4):523-533, DOI 10.1007/s00244-012-9801-4.

Kidd, K.A., D.C.G. Muir, M.S. Evans, X. Wang, M. Whittle, H.K. Swanson, T. Johnston and S. Guildford. 2012. Biomagnification of mercury through lake trout food webs with different physical, chemical and biological characteristics.  Sci. Total Environ. 438:135–143.

Clements, W.H., C.W. Hickey and K.A. Kidd.  2012. How do aquatic communities respond to contaminants?  It depends on the context.  Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 31(9):1-9. Invited Focus Article.

Jardine, T.D.K.A. Kidd, and J.B. Rasmussen. 2012. Terrestrial organic matter in the diet of stream consumers: Implications for mercury bioaccumulation.  Ecol. Appl. 22(3): 843-855.

Borgå, K., K.A. Kidd, D.C.G. Muir, O. Berglund, J.M. Conder, F.A.P.C. Gobas, J. Kucklick, O. Malm, and D.E. Powell. 2012. Trophic magnification factors: Considerations of ecology, ecosystems and study design. Int. Environ. Assess. Manag.  8(1):64-84.

Burkhard, L.P., C. Cowan-Ellsberry, M.R. Embry, R.A. Hoke, and K. Kidd. 2012. Bioaccumulation data from laboratory and field studies: Are they comparable? Int. Environ. Assess. Manag.  8(1):13-16.


Diamond, J.M., H.A. Latimer, K.R. Munkittrick, K.W. Thornton, S.M. Bartell, and K.A. Kidd. 2011. Prioritizing organic chemicals of emerging concern for ecological screening assessments. Environ. Toxicol. Chem. (30)11:2385-2394,

Arciszewski, T.J., K.A. Kidd and K.R. Munkittrick. 2011. Comparing responses in the performance of sentinel populations of stoneflies (Plecoptera) and slimy sculpin (Cottus cognatus) exposed to enriching effluents. Ecotoxicol. Environ. Saf. 74:1844–1854.

Swanson, H.K., K.A. Kidd, and J.D. Reist. 2011. Quantifying importance of marine prey for two partially anadromous fishes. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci.  68: 2020–2028.

Swanson, H.K., N. Gantner, K.A. Kidd, D.C.G. Muir, and J.D. Reist.  2011. Comparison of mercury concentrations in landlocked, resident, and searun fishes (Salvelinus spp.) from Nunavut, Canada Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 30(6): 1459–1467.

Jardine, T.D. and K.A. Kidd. 2011. Low concentrations of selenium in stream food webs of eastern Canada. Sci. Total Environ. 409: 785-791.

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